The nucleotide-dependent tetramerization of purified native URA7- encoded CTP synthetase (EC 18.104.22.168, UTP: ammonia ligase (ADP-forming)) from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was characterized. CTP synthetase existed as a dimer in the absence of ATP and UTP. In the presence of saturating concentrations of ATP and UTP, the CTP synthetase protein existed as a tetramer. Increasing concentrations of ATP and UTP caused a dosedependent conversion of the dimeric species to a tetramer. The kinetics of enzyme tetramerization correlates with the kinetics of enzyme activity. The tetramerization of CTP synthetase was dependent on UTP and Mg2+ ions. ATP facilitated the UTP-dependent tetramerization of CTP synthetase by a mechanism that involved the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of UTP catalyzed by the enzyme. The glutaminase reaction that is catalyzed by the enzyme was not required for enzyme tetramerization. CTP, a potent inhibitor of CTP synthetase activity, did not inhibit the ATP/UTP-dependent tetramerization of the enzyme. Phosphorylation of the purified native CTP synthetase with protein kinase A and protein kinase C facilitated the nucleotide-dependent tetramerization. Dephosphorylation of native CTP synthetase with alkaline phosphatase prevented the nucleotide-dependent tetramerization of the enzyme. This correlated with the inactivation of CTP synthetase activity. Rephosphorylation of the dephosphorylated enzyme with protein kinase A and protein kinase C resuited in a partial restoration of the nucleotidedependent tetramerization of the enzyme. This tetramerization correlated with the partial restoration of CTP synthetase activity. Taken together, these results indicated that enzyme tetramerization was required for CTP synthetase activity and that enzyme phosphorylation played an important role in the tetramerization and regulation of the enzyme.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology