Nursing practice environment and registered nurses'job satisfaction in nursing homes

Jisun Choi, Linda Flynn, Linda H. Aiken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


Purpose: Recruiting and retaining registered nurses (RNs) in nursing homes is problematic, and little research is available to guide efforts to make nursing homes a more attractive practice environment for RNs. The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between aspects of the nursing practice environment and job satisfaction among RNs in nursing homes.Design and Methods: The sample included 863 RNs working as staff RNs in 282 skilled nursing facilities in New Jersey. Two-level hierarchical linear modeling was used to account for the RNs nested by nursing homes.Results: Controlling for individual and nursing home characteristics, staff RNs'participation in facility affairs, supportive manager, and resource adequacy were positively associated with RNs'job satisfaction. Ownership status was significantly related to job satisfaction; RNs working in for-profit nursing homes were less satisfied.Implications: A supportive practice environment is significantly associated with higher job satisfaction among RNs working in nursing homes. Unlike other nursing home characteristics, specific dimensions of the nursing practice environment can be modified through administrative actions to enhance RN job satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)484-492
Number of pages9
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


  • Multilevel modeling
  • Nurse outcome
  • Nursing homeorganization

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