Reports of recent experiments have included observations of regular and irregular bands in neutron deficient Pb isotopes with A=194, 196-201. The bands are populated strongly in (HI, xn) reactions. The shared characteristics of the bands include: 1) bandhead energies of a few MeV; 2) high bandhead spin; 3) large alignments; 4) small dynamic moments of inertia, and 5) strong L=1 transitions and weaker L=2 crossover transitions, with B(M1) B(E2) ≈ 20 μ2 e2b2. Lifetimes of band members in the 198Pb regular band are B(M1) ≈ 1 W.u. and B(E2) ≈ 12 W.u. (with large errors). These observations are consistent with an interpretation of the regular structures as collective oblate bands with both proton and neutron excitations involved; the closed proton shell at Z=82 is broken, and coupled to v(i 13 2)-n excitations. The irregular structures may correspond to triaxial shapes, with similar orbits involved. A similar structure has been also found in 193Hg.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics