We have performed a detailed study of the evolution of the charge-density wave (CDW) and spin-density wave (SDW) on the surface of nanoscale Cr islands grown on W(110). Using low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), we find a striking nonmonotonic thickness dependence of the CDW wavelength at 50 K. As the local island thickness Θ decreases from about 50 to 5.2 nm, the CDW wavelength gradually increases from the bulk value by approximately 30%. We find a gap without any CDW at coverages Θgap between 5.2 and 3.7 nm. Spin-resolved STM data reveal that within this CDW gap the SDW modulation also disappears on the Cr island surface. At Θ<3.7 nm the CDW reappears. This unusual behavior of CDW and SDW in Cr nanoislands can be understood by a reorientation of the SDW wave vector Q which is potentially driven by the pinning of the SDW node at the island surface at Θgap.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Mar 29 2013|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics