Off-line generation of limited-use credit card numbers

Aviel D. Rubin, Rebecca N. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Recently, some credit card companies have introduced limited-use credit card numbers—for example, American Express’s single-use card numbers and Visa’s gift cards. Such limited-use credit cards limit the exposure of a traditional long-term credit card number, particularly in Internet transactions. These offerings employ an on-line solution, in that a credit card holder must interact with the credit card issuer in order to derive a limited-use token. In this paper, we describe a method for cryptographic off-line generation of limited-use credit card numbers. This has several advantages over the on-line schemes, and it has applications to calling cards as well. We show that there are several trade-offs between security and maintaining the current infrastructure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)196-209
Number of pages14
JournalLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)


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