On the delay to reliably detect channel availability in cooperative vehicular environments

Dušan Borota, Goran Ivković, Rama Vuyyuru, Onur Altintas, Ivan Šeškar, Predrag Spasojević

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Scopus citations


Vehicular networking has significant potential to enable diverse range of applications, including safety and convenience. As the number of vehicles and applications using wireless spectrum grow, one can expect to see a shortage of either spatially or temporally available spectrum. In this paper, we advocate that dynamic spectrum access for vehicles be the first step towards solving the spectrum shortage. For this, vehicles must be able to sense the availability of spectrum before attempting to transmit. The existence of other transmitters should be detected in order not to cause or experience interference. However, spectrum sensing in vehicular environments is a challenging task due to mobility, shadowing and other factors that govern vehicular environments. Therefore, spectrum sensing by a single vehicle may not be able to provide accurate information about the spectrum vacancies. Cooperative spectrum sensing, on the other hand, uses spatial diversity and can be employed to overcome the limitations associated with a single sensor/vehicle. In this paper, we investigate cooperative spectrum sensing performance in a vehicular environment for sensing signals transmitted from i) a roadside infrastructure and ii) radios located on other vehicles, by using energy-based detection of a transmitted pilot tone as an example. Our goal is to characterize the limits on detection speed and reliability of simple hard and soft cooperative energy-based schemes for this environment. We show how cooperation reduces sensing time by a factor of five in an AWGN channel. The cooperative sensing time reduction is far more significant in a vehicular environment with fading and shadowing. Finally, we illustrate how infrastructure-to-vehicle scenario favors soft equal gain combining while vehicle-to-vehicle scenario favors hard fusion OR rule.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2011 IEEE 73rd Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC2011-Spring - Proceedings
StatePublished - Aug 29 2011
Event2011 IEEE 73rd Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC2011-Spring - Budapest, Hungary
Duration: May 15 2011May 18 2011

Publication series

NameIEEE Vehicular Technology Conference
ISSN (Print)1550-2252


Other2011 IEEE 73rd Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC2011-Spring

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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