On the inhibition of muscle membrane chloride conductance by aromatic carboxylic acids

P. T. Palade, R. L. Barchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

137 Scopus citations


25 aromatic carboxylic acids which are analogs of benzoic acid were tested in the rat diaphragm preparation for effects on chloride conductance (GCl). Of the 25, 19 were shown to reduce membrane GCl with little effect on other membrane parameters, although their apparent K1 varied widely. This inhibition was reversible if exposure times were not prolonged. The most effective analog studied was anthracene-9-COOH (9-AC; K1 = 1.1 × 10-5 M). Active analogs produced concentration-dependent inhibition of a type consistent with interaction at a single site or group of sites having similar binding affinities, although a correlation could also be shown between lipophilicity and K1. Structure-activity analysis indicated that hydrophobic ring substitution usually increased inhibitory activity while para polar substitutions reduced effectiveness. These compounds do not appear to inhibit GC1 by altering membrane surface charge and the inhibition produced is not voltage dependent. Qualitative characteristics of the I-V relationship for Cl current are not altered. Conductance to all anions is not uniformly altered by these acids as would be expected from steric occlusion of a common channel. Concentrations of 9-AC reducing GCl by >90% resulted in slight augmentation of G1. The complete conductance sequence obtained at high levels of 9-AC was the reverse of that obtained under control conditions. Permeability sequences underwent progressive changes with increasing 9-AC concentration and ultimately inverted at high levels of the analog. Aromatic carboxylic acids appear to inhibit GCl by binding to a specific intramembrane site and altering the selectivity sequence of the membrane anion channel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)879-896
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of General Physiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 1977
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology


Dive into the research topics of 'On the inhibition of muscle membrane chloride conductance by aromatic carboxylic acids'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this