TY - JOUR

T1 - On the Moduli of isotropic and helical minimal immersions between spheres

AU - Miura, Kouhei

AU - Toth, Gabor

PY - 2017/8

Y1 - 2017/8

N2 - DoCarmo-Wallach theory and its subsequent refinements assert the rich abundance of spherical minimal immersions, minimal immersions of round spheres into round spheres. A spherical minimal immersion is a conformal minimal immersion f: Sm →Sn; its components are spherical harmonics of a common order p on Sm, and the conformality constant is λp/m, where λp is the pth eigenvalue of the Laplace operator on Sm. In this paper, we impose the additional constraint of "isotropy" expressed in terms of the higher fundamental forms of such immersions and determine the dimension of the respective moduli space. By the work of Tsukada, isotropy can be characterized geometrically by "helicality", constancy of initial sequences of curvatures of the image curves of geodesics under the respective spherical minimal immersions. We first give a simple criterion for (the lowest order) isotropy of a spherical minimal immersion in terms of orthogonality relations in the third (ordinary) derivative of the image curves (Theorem A). This is then applied in the main result of this paper (Theorem B), which gives a full characterization of isotropic SU(2)-equivariant spherical minimal immersions of S3 into the unit sphere of real and complex SU(2)-modules. Specific examples include the polyhedral minimal immersions of which the icosahedral minimal immersion (into S12) is isotropic whereas its tetrahedral and octahedral cousins are not.

AB - DoCarmo-Wallach theory and its subsequent refinements assert the rich abundance of spherical minimal immersions, minimal immersions of round spheres into round spheres. A spherical minimal immersion is a conformal minimal immersion f: Sm →Sn; its components are spherical harmonics of a common order p on Sm, and the conformality constant is λp/m, where λp is the pth eigenvalue of the Laplace operator on Sm. In this paper, we impose the additional constraint of "isotropy" expressed in terms of the higher fundamental forms of such immersions and determine the dimension of the respective moduli space. By the work of Tsukada, isotropy can be characterized geometrically by "helicality", constancy of initial sequences of curvatures of the image curves of geodesics under the respective spherical minimal immersions. We first give a simple criterion for (the lowest order) isotropy of a spherical minimal immersion in terms of orthogonality relations in the third (ordinary) derivative of the image curves (Theorem A). This is then applied in the main result of this paper (Theorem B), which gives a full characterization of isotropic SU(2)-equivariant spherical minimal immersions of S3 into the unit sphere of real and complex SU(2)-modules. Specific examples include the polyhedral minimal immersions of which the icosahedral minimal immersion (into S12) is isotropic whereas its tetrahedral and octahedral cousins are not.

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U2 - 10.1307/mmj/1496822425

DO - 10.1307/mmj/1496822425

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85028307617

SN - 0026-2285

VL - 66

SP - 499

EP - 518

JO - Michigan Mathematical Journal

JF - Michigan Mathematical Journal

IS - 3

ER -