Induced polarization (IP) measurements were conducted on saturated kaolinite-, iron-, and magnetite-sand mixtures as a function of varying percentage weight of a mineral constituent: 0%-100% for iron and magnetite and 0%-32% for kaolinite. We determined the specific surface area for each mineral using nitrogen gas adsorption, where the porosity of each mixture was calculated from weight loss after drying. We fit a Cole-Cole model (Cole and Cole, 1941) to the electrical data obtained for the magnetite and iron mixtures. In contrast, the kaolinite mixtures showed a power-law dependence of phase-on frequency. The global polarization magnitude we obtained from the Cole-Cole modeling of the iron and magnetite mixtures displays a single, near-linear dependence on the ratio of surface area to pore volume (Sp) calculated for the mixtures. A similar relationship is found using a local measure of polarization (imaginary conductivity at 1 Hz) for the clay-sand mixtures. The Sp appears to be a critical parameter for determining IP in both metallic- and clay-containing soils. This result is not easily reconciled with traditional models of induced polarization.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geochemistry and Petrology
- Slater Clay