On the Surgery of the Seat of the Soul: The Pineal Gland and the History of Its Surgical Approaches

Osamah Choudhry, Gaurav Gupta, Charles J. Prestigiacomo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pineal gland has been studied through philosophy and science for thousands of years. Its role in human physiology was not well understood until the scientific community first started to report on pineal pathology in the eighteenth century. Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, reports on pineal tumors and the emergence of comparative anatomy allowed more complete understanding of pineal function. Neurosurgical methods of treating pineal pathology first emerged in the early twentieth century. In the latter half of the twentieth century, the emergence of microsurgical technique allowed for excellent outcomes with minimal morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-333
Number of pages13
JournalNeurosurgery clinics of North America
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Keywords

  • History of neurosurgery
  • Pineal gland
  • Pineal surgery
  • Pineal tumors

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