On wave interaction and diffraction from the junction of two curved plates under unilateral fluid loading

A. N. Norris, D. A. Rebinsky, G. R. Wickham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A general solution is developed which describes the acoustic and dynamic structural response generated at the junction of two curved plates subject to unilateral fluid loading. The plates are modelled by two-dimensional thin-shell theory, and the solution is found by applying the Wiener-Hopf technique to the dual integral equations for the unknown pressure on the plates. A simple method is presented for evaluating the Wiener-Hopf split functions in semi-analytic form. The general solution is found by expressing the pressure transform in terms of a polynomial function whose coefficients are determined by the conditions at the joint. Here we consider welded and clamped junctions, either of which requires four unknown coefficients to be determined. Several limiting cases are examined including the practically important ones where either one or both plates are flat. Various diffraction coefficients associated with the fluid-structure interaction are studied and numerical predictions are presented for the magnitudes of the diffracted acoustic and structural waves. Energy partition among the various wave types is also investigated. It is found that even the small curvature effects considered here can lead to significant coupling between flexural and longitudinal structural waves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1421-1467
Number of pages47
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Issue number1741
StatePublished - Jun 15 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Mathematics
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


  • Acoustic diffraction
  • Elastic shells
  • Flexural wave
  • Structural acoustics
  • wiener-hopf technique


Dive into the research topics of 'On wave interaction and diffraction from the junction of two curved plates under unilateral fluid loading'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this