Optimal point target detection with unknown parameters by MIMO radars

Ali Tajer, Guido H. Jajamovich, Xiaodong Wang, George V. Moustakides

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


We consider multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar systems with widely spaced transmit and receive antennas. We treat the problem of detecting point targets when one or more target parameters of interest are unknown. We provide a composite hypothesis testing framework for jointly estimating such parameters along with detecting the target while only a finite number of signal samples are available. The test offered is optimal in a Neyman-Pearson-like sense such that it provides a Bayesian-optimal detection test, minimizes the average mean-square parameter estimation error subject to an upper bound constraint on the false-alarm probability, and requires a finite number of samples. While the test can be applied for concurrently detecting the target along with estimating any unknown parameter of interest, we consider the problem of detecting a target which lies in an unknown space range and find the range through estimating the vector of time delays that the emitted waveforms undergo from being illuminated to the target until being observed by the receive antennas. We also analyze the diversity gain which we define as the rate that the probability of mis-detecting a target decays with the increasing SNR and show that for a MIMO radar system with Nt and Nr transmit and receive antennas, respectively, the diversity gain is 1 for point targets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMILCOM 2009 - 2009 IEEE Military Communications Conference
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event2009 IEEE Military Communications Conference, MILCOM 2009 - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Oct 18 2009Oct 21 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE Military Communications Conference MILCOM


Other2009 IEEE Military Communications Conference, MILCOM 2009
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston, MA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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