## Abstract

We consider the problem to determine the optimal rotations (Formula presented.) which minimize (Formula presented.) for a given diagonal matrix (Formula presented.) with positive entries (Formula presented.). The objective function W is the reduced form of the Cosserat shear-stretch energy, which, in its general form, is a contribution in any geometrically nonlinear, isotropic, and quadratic Cosserat micropolar (extended) continuum model. We characterize the critical points of the energy (Formula presented.), determine the global minimizers and compute the global minimum. This proves the correctness of previously obtained formulae for the optimal Cosserat rotations in dimensions two and three. The key to the proof is the result that every real matrix whose square is symmetric can be written in some orthonormal basis as a block-diagonal matrix with blocks of size at most two.

Original language | English (US) |
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Article number | e201800120 |

Journal | ZAMM Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik |

Volume | 99 |

Issue number | 6 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jun 2019 |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Computational Mechanics
- Applied Mathematics

## Keywords

- (non-symmetric) matrix square root
- Cosserat theory
- Grioli's theorem
- micropolar media
- polar decomposition
- relaxed-polar decomposition
- rotations
- special orthogonal group
- symmetric square