Osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) is the most common type of arthritis, and is a significant source of pain and disability. Osteoarthritis has multiple risk factors, including some that are potentially modifiable, such as body weight. Increased body weight is associated with an increased risk of developing osteoarthritis. Relatively minor weight loss can effectively decrease the risk of the onset of osteoarthritis, and can decrease symptoms and progression in patients who already have osteoarthritis. Mechanisms of weight loss include an appropriate exercise program and adjustments in dietary intake. Additional considerations could include anorectic agents and gastric stapling. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Body weight
- Weight loss