Oxygen saturation determination in frozen blood

A. K. Sinha, Judith A. Neubauer, J. A. Lipp, Harvey R. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


A spectroscopic method for O2 saturation determination in frozen blood has been developed. In the 500-575 nm range, frozen oxygenated and deoxygenated blood had essentially the same spectral absorption character as liquid blood, although apparent absorbance was much higher than liquid blood. The standard two-wavelength method for spectroscopic determination of O2 saturation of blood was inadequate to correct for the nonspecific light loss through the ice crystals. A method for O2 saturation determination using three wavelength (506, 523, and 560 nm) measurements is reported here. Compared with blood O2 saturation determined by the Van Slyke technique, this three-wavelength method demonstrated an accuracy of 2-5% within 95% confidence limits. It also compared favorably with a previously reported four-wavelength geometric computational technique. The rate of freezing did not influence the absorption spectra nor the percentage saturation determination. Samples could be stored at -25° up to 49 days with no change in O2 saturation. Our calculations reveal that the upper limit of blood O2 saturation increase in a closed system due to freezing is 2.3%. The upper limits of variation in blood O2 saturation due to freezing blood with various hemoglobin concentrations or at various initial pH was calculated to be about 1% or less. This method may be adapted for microspectrophotometric determination of regional arteriovenous blood O2 saturation difference in quick frozen tissue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-321
Number of pages10
JournalMicrovascular Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1975

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Cell Biology


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