Oxytocin (OT) stimulates endometrial secretion of prostaglandin (PG) F2α during corpus luteum regression in swine but there is differential responsiveness to OT among endometrial cell types. To determine if progesterone influenced responsiveness of luminal epithelial, glandular epithelial, and stromal cells to 100 nM OT during luteolysis in swine, cells were isolated from endometrium of 15 gilts by differential enzymatic digestion and sieve filtration on day 16 postestrus and cultured continuously in the presence of 0, 10 or 100 nM progesterone. For phospholipase C (PLC) activity and PGF2α secretion, stromal cells were most responsive to OT (P < 0.01) in the absence of progesterone, whereas luminal epithelial cells were unresponsive and glandular epithelial cells displayed an intermediate response to OT (P < 0.09). Progesterone enhanced PLC activity linearly in glandular epithelial cells (P < 0.05) and influenced it quadratically in stromal cells (P = 0.05). The effect of OT and progesterone on PLC activity in luminal epithelial cells was not significant, and progesterone did not increase PLC activity in response to OT in any cell type. Culture in the presence of progesterone, enhanced PGF2α secretion in response to OT in luminal epithelial cells (P < 0.05) but not in glandular epithelial or stromal cells. Progesterone also increased overall PGF2α release from glandular epithelial (P < 0.05) and stromal cells (P < 0.06) across both levels of OT treatment. These results indicate that progesterone enhanced PGF2α secretion from luminal epithelial cells in response to OT and increased basal PGF2α release from glandular epithelial and stromal cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Animals
- Animal Science and Zoology