Par3 regulates polarized convergence between APP and BACE1 in hippocampal neurons

Miao Sun, Chengyu Huang, Hui Wang, Huaye Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The convergence between amyloid precursor protein (APP) and its β-secretase β-site APP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is a prerequisite for the generation of β-amyloid peptide, a key pathogenic agent for Alzheimer's disease. Yet the underlying molecular mechanisms regulating their convergence remain unclear. Here, we show that the polarity protein partitioning-defective 3 (Par3) regulates the polarized convergence between APP and BACE1 in hippocampal neurons. Par3 forms a complex with BACE1 through its first PDZ domain, which is important for regulating BACE1 endosome-to-TGN trafficking. In the absence of Par3, there is an increase in the convergence between internalized APP and BACE1. In hippocampal neurons, loss of Par3 leads to increased APP and BACE1 convergence in axons but not in dendrites. This polarized convergence mainly occurs in retrograde or stalled axonal late endocytic organelles and is likely due to compartment-specific regulation of APP trafficking by Par3. Together, our data show a novel function for Par3 in regulating polarized convergence between APP and BACE1 in hippocampal neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-93
Number of pages7
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Volume77
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Aging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Keywords

  • APP
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • BACE1
  • Par3
  • Trafficking

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