Participation of Phosphoinositides in Gastric Mucosal Protection by Colloidal Bismuth Subcitrate against Ethanol‐Induced Injury

Bronislaw L. Slomiany, Xiaoying Wang, Danuta Palecz, Kazuichi Okazaki, Amalia Slomiany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanism of gastric mucosal protection by an antiulcer agent, colloidal bismuth subcitrate (CBS), against ethanol‐induced injury was investigated using in vivo and in vitro systems. The experiments in vivo were conducted with groups of rats with and without indomethacin pretreatment, and the animals received either a dose of CBS (100 mg/kg) or a vehicle (saline), followed 30 min later by ethanol. In the in vitro studies, gastric mucosa segments were cultured in the presence of CBS, ethanol, or both. The results of in vivo experiments revealed that in the absence of CBS, ethanol caused extensive gastric hemorrhagic lesions which were significantly reduced following CBS pretreatment and this effect of CBS was not prevented by indomethacin. The data obtained with gastric mucosal culture established that in comparison to the controls, ethanol caused a 27% decrease in mucin synthesis, while mucin synthesis in the presence of CBS increased by 48%. The increase in mucin synthesis evoked by CBS was accompanied by the enhanced metabolism of mucosal phosphoinositides, as reflected by a decrease in PI (15%) and PIP2 (30%), and an increase in IP1 (26%) and IP3 (67%). In contrast, ethanol, which exhibited detrimental effect on mucin synthesis, caused a decrease in PIP (35%), IP2 (47%) and IP3 (38%), and an increase in PIP2 (80%), and IP1 (51%). However, when the mucosal culture was carried out in the presence of both CBS and ethanol, the detrimental changes evoked by ethanol on mucin synthesis were prevented, and the phosphoinositide and inositide phosphate distribution patterns were quite similar to those in the mucosa cultured in the presence of CBS only. The results indicate that CBS is capable of overcoming the untoward effect of ethanol on phosphoinositide‐specific phospholipase C, thus restoring phosphoinositide‐derived messenger molecule metabolism essential for cellular proliferation and mucus synthesis, the key factors in gastric mucosal defense.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)580-583
Number of pages4
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1990

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Keywords

  • Effect of Colloidal Bismuth Subcitrate
  • Ethanol Injury
  • Mucin Synthesis
  • Mucosal Protection
  • Phosphoinositides Turnover

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