Past-year opioid misuse and suicide attempt are positively associated in high suicide risk veterans who endorse past- year substance use

Megan Chesin, Alejandro Interian, Anna Kline, Lauren St. Hill, Arlene King, Rachael Miller, Miriam Latorre, Barbara Stanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to test the relationship between past-year suicide attempt (SA) and past-year opioid misuse among Veterans at high risk of suicide who reported using at least one illicit substance or alcohol in the past year. Baseline data from 130 high suicide-risk Veterans (n = 39 past-year opioid misusers; n = 91 past-year users of other substances) who enrolled in a randomized controlled trial testing adjunctive Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy to Prevent Suicidal Behavior were used. Information was collected on a semi-structured interview that included the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale to collect suicide attempt history. Past-year opioid misusers, compared to those who used at least one other illicit substance or alcohol in the past year, were more likely to have made a past-year SA. Past-year opioid misuse remained associated with past-year SA in multivariate analysis that included other known risk factors for SA. Our findings show a robust link between near-term SA and opioid misuse in Veterans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106064
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume99
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Keywords

  • Opioid misuse
  • Suicide attempt
  • Veterans

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