Despite recent advances in discovering a wide array of novel chemotherapy agents, identification of patients with poor and favorable chemotherapy response prior to treatment administration remains a major challenge in clinical oncology. To tackle this challenge, we present a generalizable genome-wide computational framework pathCHEMO that uncovers interplay between transcriptomic and epigenomic mechanisms altered in biological pathways that govern chemotherapy response in cancer patients. Our approach is tested on patients with lung adenocarcinoma who received adjuvant standard-of-care doublet chemotherapy (i.e., carboplatin-paclitaxel), identifying seven molecular pathway markers of primary treatment response and demonstrating their ability to predict patients at risk of carboplatin-paclitaxel resistance in an independent patient cohort (log-rank p-value = 0.008, HR = 10). Furthermore, we extend our method to additional chemotherapy-regimens and cancer types to demonstrate its accuracy and generalizability. We propose that our model can be utilized to prioritize patients for specific chemotherapy-regimens as a part of treatment planning.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
- General Agricultural and Biological Sciences