Pathologic Complete Response Is an Independent Predictor of Improved Survival Following Neoadjuvant Chemoradiation for Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

Raed M. Alnaji, William Du, Emmanuel Gabriel, Smit Singla, Kristopher Attwood, Hector Nava, Usha Malhotra, Steven N. Hochwald, Moshim Kukar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Reports of improved survival in patients with pathologic complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant therapy for esophageal and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma is extrapolated from heterogeneous studies that include squamous cell histology. We sought to determine if pCR is associated with a survival advantage in a homogenous group of patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma. Methods: This is a single institution analysis of all patients with T2–T4 or node positive esophageal adenocarcinoma treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and esophagectomy between 2004 and 2014. Patients were divided into two groups based on pathological response, pCR vs. incomplete pathological response (iPR). Survival outcomes were evaluated using standard Kaplan-Meier methods and multivariable Cox regression models. Results: A total of 205 patients were included in the study: 38 (19 %) patients with pCR and 167 patients (81 %) with iPR. The two groups were similar with respect to clinical stage, age, gender, comorbid conditions, ECOG status, smoking, and alcohol use. Patients in the pCR group had a higher percentage of tumors located in middle third of esophagus (11 vs. 2 %, p = 0.04) while tumor grade was similar in both groups. Median follow-up was 50 months, range 2–109 months. The 3-year overall (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) for iPR was 48 and 39 %, respectively, vs. 86 and 80 % for pCR group, respectively. Conclusion: This analysis of a cohort of homogeneous patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma undergoing multimodality therapy showed that pCR is an independent predictor of improved RFS and OS. This data contributes to a growing body of evidence highlighting the benefits of neoadjuvant therapy specific to esophageal adenocarcinoma particularly when pCR is achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1541-1546
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

Keywords

  • Esophageal adenocarcinoma
  • Neoadjuvant therapy
  • Pathologic complete response

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