Patient attitudinal and behavioral factors associated with warfarin non-adherence at outpatient anticoagulation clinics

Dean G. Cruess, A. Russell Localio, Alec B. Platt, Colleen M. Brensinger, Jason D. Christie, Robert Gross, Catherine S. Parker, Maureen Price, Joshua P. Metlay, Abigail Cohen, Craig W. Newcomb, Brian L. Strom, Stephen E. Kimmel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Background: Warfarin is an anticoagulant effective in preventing stroke, but it has a narrow therapeutic range requiring optimal adherence to achieve the most favorable effects. Purpose: The goal of this study was to examine specific patient factors that might help explain warfarin non-adherence at outpatient anticoagulation clinics. Method: In a prospective cohort study of 156 adults, we utilized logistic regression analyses to examine the relationship between the five Treatment Prognostics scales from the Millon Behavioral Medicine Diagnostic (MBMD), as well as three additional MBMD scales (Depression, Future Pessimism, and Social Isolation), and daily warfarin non-adherence assessed using electronic medication event monitoring systems caps over a median of 139 days. Results: Four of the five Treatment Prognostic scales and greater social isolation were associated with warfarin non-adherence. When controlling for pertinent demographic and medical variables, the Information Discomfort scale remained significantly associated with warfarin non-adherence over time. Conclusion: Although several factors were related to warfarin non-adherence, patients reporting a lack of receptivity to details regarding their medical illness seemed most at risk for warfarin non-adherence. This information might aid in the development of interventions to enhance warfarin adherence and perhaps reduce adverse medical events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-42
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology


  • MBMD
  • MEMS
  • Patient factors
  • Warfarin adherence


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