PCDDs and PCDFs in municipal sewage sludge and effluent from POTW in the State of Mississippi, USA

C. Rappe, R. Andersson, M. Bonner, K. Cooper, H. Fiedler, F. Howell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations


During the summer 1995, we collected sewage sludge and effluent samples from 17 publicly-owned treatment works (POTW) in the State of Mississippi, USA. Most PCDDs and PCDFs were detected in the sludge, and the hepta- and octaCDD congeners typically were dominant. One plant had an octaCDD value in sludge exceeding 400,000 pg/g d.m. The primary source probably is pentachlorophenol. An earlier US EPA finding of 116 pg/g d.m. 2,3,7,8-tetraCDD in sludge from the Corinth POTW was not confirmed in this study, where only 0.3 pg/g d.m. was measured. Most effluent samples were below the detection limit of approximately 10 pg/L for the tetra- through hexachlorinated congeners. The New Augusta POTW had the highest octaCDD value in effluent (2500 pg/L). This plant is a point source to the Leaf River.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-328
Number of pages14
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


  • Dry matter
  • POTW
  • Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins
  • Polychlorinated dibenzofurans
  • Sewage effluent
  • Sewage sludge
  • United States of America

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