Pediatric toxicology. Specialized approach to the poisoned child

Diane P. Calello, Fred M. Henretig

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The poisoned child presents unique considerations in circumstances of exposure, clinical effects, diagnostic approach, and therapeutic interventions. The emergency provider must be aware of the pathophysiologic vulnerabilities of infants and children and substances that are especially toxic. Awareness is essential for situations in which the risk of morbidity and mortality is increased, such as child abuse by poisoning. Considerations in treatment include the need for attentive supportive care, pediatric implications for antidotal therapy, and extracorporeal removal methods such as hemodialysis in children. In this article, each of these issues and emerging poison hazards are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-52
Number of pages24
JournalEmergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine

Keywords

  • Detergent pods
  • ECG
  • Hemodialysis
  • Pediatric
  • Poisoning
  • Salicylate
  • Supportive care

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