Perceived Social Ties and Mental Health Among Formerly Incarcerated Men in New York City

Pamela Valera, Javier F. Boyas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The incarcerated population has been substantially burdened by syndemic productions involving mental health illness and substance abuse problems. The present analysis describes the mental health symptoms of a nonprobability sample of 225 formerly incarcerated men and establishes the types of perceived support they received during incarceration as predictors of their psychological well-being upon release. The men were between 35 and 67 years of age; the mean age was 47.27 (SD = 6.64), and Blacks and Latinos were about equally represented. Most respondents did not finish high school, were unemployed, convicted of a nonviolent crime, and were housed in a New York state prisons. The majority were also single (never married) and had children. The findings indicate that greater social, community, and spiritual support were correlated with lower mental health scores. The strongest predictor was perceived social support. Access and use of social resources, including social support, are important factors in influencing the psychological functioning among formerly incarcerated men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1843-1860
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology


  • community
  • criminal justice
  • incarceration
  • men
  • mental health
  • support


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