Perfectly complementary relay design for digital logic applications

Jaeseok Jeon, Vincent Pott, Hei Kam, Rhesa Nathanael, Elad Alon, Tsu Jae King Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


A dual-ended (seesaw) relay design is proposed for ultralow-power digital logic applications. Fabricated seesaw relays demonstrate a perfectly complementary switching behavior that is symmetric about VDD/2, with extremely steep switching behavior (<0.1 mV/dec) and low on-state resistance (<1 kΩ). The perfectly complementary and symmetric operation provides for maximum operating voltage margin and minimal crowbar current, as evidenced by an abrupt inverter voltage transfer characteristic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number41
Pages (from-to)371-373
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Electron Device Letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Complementary logic
  • Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)
  • Nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS)
  • Relay


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