PERFORM: Perceptual approach for adding OCEAN personality to human motion using laban movement analysis

Funda Durupinar, Mubbasir Kapadia, Susan Deutsch, Michael Neff, Norman I. Badler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


The research reported in this document was performed in connection with Contract Numbers W911NF-07-1-0216 and W911NF-10-2-0016 with the U.S. Army Research Laboratory. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as presenting the official policies or position, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Army Research Laboratory or the U.S. Government unless so designated by other authorized documents. Citation of manufacturers or trade names does not constitute an official endorsement or approval of the use thereof. The U.S. Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Government purposes notwithstanding any copyright notation heron. characters. The purpose and contribution of this work is to describe a formal, broadly applicable, procedural, and empirically grounded association between personality and body motion and apply this association to modify a given virtual human body animation that can be represented by these formal concepts. Because the body movement of virtual characters may involve different choices of parameter sets depending on the context, situation, or application, formulating a link from personality to body motion requires an intermediate step to assist generalization. For this intermediate step, we refer to Laban Movement Analysis, which is a movement analysis technique for systematically describing and evaluating human motion. We have developed an expressive human motion generation system with the help of movement experts and conducted a user study to explore how the psychologically validated OCEAN personality factors were perceived in motions with various Laban parameters. We have then applied our findings to procedurally animate expressive characters with personality, and validated the generalizability of our approach across different models and animations via another perception study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6
JournalACM Transactions on Graphics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


  • Character motion
  • Laban movement analysis
  • OCEAN personality
  • Perceptual study


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