In this paper, we present an analytical model to evaluate the hidden station effect on the performance of the IEEE 802.11 Distributed Coordination Function (DCF) in both non-saturation and saturation condition. DCF is a random channel-access scheme based on Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance (CSMA/CA) method and the exponential backoff procedure. DCF is widely used and can support both wireless network with an access point and ad hoc wireless network because of its random channel-access method. On the other hand, this method unavoidably suffers the hidden station effect that causes significant performance degradation. As shown in this paper, hidden stations occur frequently in real-world settings, and the performance impact on the 802.11 DCF is a significant concern, but it has not been adequately studied. We study this problem through a spatial-temporal analysis and a Markov chain model. Our model generalizes the existing work on the performance modeling of 802.11 DCF for both non-saturation and saturation conditions. The scenario of no hidden station can be considered as a special case in our model. The performance of our model is evaluated by comparison with ns-2 simulations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Analytical modeling
- Hidden stations
- IEEE 802.11
- Medium Access Control
- Performance evaluation