This study tested a conceptual model merging anxiety buffer disruption and social- cognitive theories to predict persistent grief severity among students who lost a close friend, significant other, and/or professor/teacher in tragic university campus shootings. A regression-based path model tested posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptom severity 3 to 4 months postshooting (Time 1) as a predictor of grief severity 1 year postshootings (Time 2), both directly and indirectly through cognitive processes (self-efficacy and disrupted worldview). Results revealed a model that predicted 61% of the variance in Time 2 grief severity. Hypotheses were supported, demonstrating that Time 1 PTS severity indirectly, positively predicted Time 2 grief severity through undermining self-efficacy and more severely disrupting worldview. Findings and theoretical interpretation yield important insights for future research and clinical application.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2015|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Psychology
- Clinical Psychology