Persistent idiopathic facial pain

Rafael Benoliel, Charly Gaul

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Persistent idiopathic facial pain (PIFP) is a chronic disorder recurring daily for more than two hours per day over more than three months, in the absence of clinical neurological deficit. PIFP is the current terminology for Atypical Facial Pain and is characterized by daily or near daily pain that is initially confined but may subsequently spread. Pain cannot be attributed to any pathological process, although traumatic neuropathic mechanisms are suspected. When present intraorally, PIFP has been termed 'Atypical Odontalgia', and this entity is discussed in a separate article in this special issue. PIFP is often a difficult but important differential diagnosis among chronic facial pain syndromes. Aim To summarize current knowledge on diagnostic criteria, differential diagnosis, pathophysiology and management of PIFP. Methods We present a narrative review reporting current literature and personal experience. Additionally, we discuss and differentiate the common differential diagnoses associated with PIFP including traumatic trigeminal neuropathies, regional myofascial pain, atypical neurovascular pains and atypical trigeminal neuropathic pains. Results and conclusion The underlying pathophysiology in PIFP is still enigmatic, however neuropathic mechanisms may be relevant. PIFP needs interdisciplinary collaboration to rule out and manage secondary causes, psychiatric comorbidities and other facial pain syndromes, particularly trigeminal neuralgia. Burden of disease and psychiatric comorbidity screening is recommended at an early stage of disease, and should be addressed in the management plan. Future research is needed to establish clear diagnostic criteria and treatment strategies based on clinical findings and individual pathophysiology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)680-691
Number of pages12
JournalCephalalgia
Volume37
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology

Keywords

  • IFP
  • daily pain
  • trigeminal neuralgia

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Persistent idiopathic facial pain'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this