Personalization in text information retrieval: A survey

Jingjing Liu, Chang Liu, Nicholas J. Belkin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Personalization of information retrieval (PIR) is aimed at tailoring a search toward individual users and user groups by taking account of additional information about users besides their queries. In the past two decades or so, PIR has received extensive attention in both academia and industry. This article surveys the literature of personalization in text retrieval, following a framework for aspects or factors that can be used for personalization. The framework consists of additional information about users that can be explicitly obtained by asking users for their preferences, or implicitly inferred from users' search behaviors. Users' characteristics and contextual factors such as tasks, time, location, etc., can be helpful for personalization. This article also addresses various issues including when to personalize, the evaluation of PIR, privacy, usability, etc. Based on the extensive review, challenges are discussed and directions for future effort are suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-369
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of the Association for Information Science and Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Library and Information Sciences


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