Persulfide formation on mitochondrial cysteine desulfurase: Enzyme activation by a eukaryote-specific interacting protein and Fe-S cluster synthesis

Alok Pandey, Ramesh Golla, Heeyong Yoon, Andrew Dancis, Debkumar Pain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cysteine desulfurases abstract sulfur from the substrate cysteine, generate a covalent persulfide on the active site cysteine of the enzyme, and then donate the persulfide sulfur to various recipients such as Fe-S clusters. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the Nfs1p protein is the only known cysteine desulfurase, and it forms a complex with Isd11p (Nfs1p • Isd11p). Both of these proteins are found primarily in mitochondria and both are essential for cell viability. In the present study we show, using the results of experiments with isolated mitochondria and purified proteins, that Isd11p is required for the cysteine desulfurase activity of Nfs1p. Whereas Nfs1p by itself was inactive, the Nfs1p • Isd11p complex formed persulfide and was active as a cysteine desulfurase. In the absence of Isd11p, Nfs1p was able to bind the substrate cysteine but failed to form a persulfide. Addition of Isd11p allowed Nfs1p with bound substrate to generate a covalent persulfide. We suggest that Isd11p induces an activating conformational change in Nfs1p to bring the bound substrate and the active site cysteine in proximity for persulfide formation. Thus mitochondrial Nfs1p is different from bacterial cysteine desulfurases that are active in the absence of accessory proteins. Isd11p may serve to regulate cysteine desulfurase activity in mitochondria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-187
Number of pages17
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume448
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Keywords

  • Cysteine desulfurase
  • Fe-S cluster
  • Mitochondrion
  • Nfs1p • Isd11p complex
  • Persulfide
  • Yeast

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