Pharmacokinetics of Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate and Methylprednisolone in Chronic Liver Disease

Elizabeth A. Ludwig, Ah‐Ng ‐N Kong, Daniel S. Camara, William J. Jusko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The disposition of methylprednisolone (MP) and its prodrug hemisuccinate (MPHS) was assessed in six middle‐aged patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) and compared with six younger, healthy subjects after a single IV dose of 25.4 mg of MPHS. Blood and urine samples were collected over 12 hours. Plasma and urine concentrations of MPHS and MP and plasma cortisol were measured by HPLC. MPHS clearance (CL) was significantly reduced in the CLD group (495 vs. 1389 mL/hr/kg) whereas volume of distribution (Vss) of MPHS (about 0.35 1/kg) did not differ. The elimination half‐life, t1/2β, was significantly longer in CLD (0.61 vs. 0.32 hr). The percent recovery of unchanged MPHS in urine was similar (about 9%) in both groups. The kinetic parameters of MP did not differ between the two groups for: clearance (about 370 L/hr/kg IBW), Vss (about 1.3 L/kg), and t1/2β (about 3.0 hr). The suppression t1/2 of cortisol after MPHS was longer (3.9 vs. 1.9 hr) indicating metabolic pathways for cortisol and MP are affected differently in CLD. Reduction in MPHS CL may reflect altered hepatic blood flow due to both cirrhosis and age effects. However, good availability of MP from MPHS and lack of perturbation of MP pharmacokinetics in CLD patients may provide therapeutic advantages in selection of this glucocorticoid. This is the first study that characterizes the disposition of the prodrug MPHS and the formation of MP simultaneously in CLD patients. 1993 American College of Clinical Pharmacology

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)805-810
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1993
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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