Purpose: This first-in-human study evaluated the safety, immunogenicity, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor activity of onartuzumab, a monovalent antibody against the receptor tyrosine kinase MET. Experimental Design: This 33 dose-escalation study comprised three stages: (i) phase Ia dose escalation of onartuzumab at doses of 1, 4, 10, 20, and 30 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks; (ii) phase Ia cohort expansion at the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of 15 mg/kg; and (iii) phase Ib dose escalation of onartuzumab at 10 and 15 mg/kg in combination with bevacizumab (15 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks). Serum samples were collected for evaluation of pharmacokinetics, potential pharmacodynamic markers, and antitherapeutic antibodies. Results: Thirty-four patients with solid tumors were treated in phase Ia and 9 in phase Ib. Onartuzumab was generally well tolerated at all dose levels evaluated; the maximum tolerated dose was not reached. The most frequent drug-related adverse events included fatigue, peripheral edema, nausea, and hypoalbuminemia. In the phase Ib cohort, onartuzumab at the RP2D was combined with bevacizumab and no doselimiting toxicities were seen. Onartuzumab showed linear pharmacokinetics in the dose range from 4 to 30 mg/kg. The half-life was approximately 8 to 12 days. There were no apparent pharmacokinetic interactions between onartuzumab and bevacizumab, and antitherapeutic antibodies did not seem to affect the safety or pharmacokinetics of onartuzumab. A patient with gastric carcinoma in the 20-mg/kg dose cohort achieved a durable complete response for nearly 2 years. Conclusions: Onartuzumab was generally well tolerated as a single agent and in combination with bevacizumab in patients with solid tumors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research