We examined the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-K) in FMLP- stimulated cell-cell adhesion of human neutrophils. The specific PI 3-K inhibitors wortmannin and LY294002 inhibited neutrophil homotypic aggregation stimulated by chemoattractants such as FMLP (50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) ≃ 11 nM and 13 μM, respectively) but not PMA. Wortmannin also inhibited FMLP-stimulated adhesion of neutrophils to human endothelial cell monolayers, suggesting a common signaling pathway for homotypic and heterotypic adhesion. Neither CD11b/CD18 expression nor expression of an activation-specific epitope of CD11b/CD18 was affected by wortmannin in FMLP- stimulated cells. Moreover, wortmannin also inhibited the aggregation of egranulate neutrophil cytoplasts that lack the capacity for CD11b/CD18 up- regulation. Although wortmannin inhibited neutrophil lysosomal enzyme release, it had no effect on FMLP-stimulated up-regulation of CD35 in intact neutrophils, suggesting discrepant signaling pathways for specific granule degranulation and secretory vesicle release. Aggregation of human neutrophils is associated with activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases Erk1 and -2, and Erk is activated in response to PI 3-K in some cell types. However, wortmannin inhibited FMLP stimulation of neutrophil Erk only at concentrations (IC50 ≤ 1 μM) inconsistent with an effect on PI 3-K. Our data indicate that PI 3-K mediates neutrophil adhesion by a mechanism independent of CD11b/CD18 up-regulation, suggesting that PI 3-K acts either parallel to, or downstream of, Erk.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Feb 15 1998|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy