Phospholipid Biosynthesis in Myelin: Presence of CTP: Phosphoethanolamine Cytidylyltransferase in Purified Myelin of Rat Brain

Tatsuhide Kunishita, Robert W. Ledeen

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22 Scopus citations


Abstract: Highly purified myelin from rat brain was previously shown to contain the ethanolaminephosphotransferase which completes the synthesis of phosphatidyl ethanolamine. We have now obtained evidence for the presence in myelin of CTP:phosphoethanolamine cytidylyltransferase, the enzyme catalyzing formation of CDP‐ethanolamine. Myelin was isolated by two different procedures, one based on the Norton‐Poduslo method and the other involving repetitive gradients with osmotic shocking deferred to the end. The fact that activity remained constant through all but the earliest steps suggested that the enzyme is intrinsic to myelin. Comparison of subcellular fractions revealed that approximately half the total activity was in the supernatant, the remainder being distributed among the particulate fractions. Relative specific activity of myelin was 27–31% that of microsomes, thus eliminating the possibility of appreciable contamination by the latter. The possibility of adsorption of the soluble enzyme by myelin was rendered unlikely by retention of activity after washing the myelin with buffered sodium chloride or sodium taurocholate. Furthermore, relative specific activity of the cytidylyltransferase was 10‐fold higher than that of lactate dehydrogenase (a cytosolic marker) in myelin. The apparent Km for CTP was approximately the same for myelin and microsomes, but that for phosphoethanolamine was significantly higher for myelin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)326-333
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1984
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


  • CDP‐ethanolamine synthesis
  • Myelin
  • Myelin enzymes
  • Phosphoethanolamine cytidylyltransferase


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