Phosphorylation of non-muscle caldesmon by p34cdc2 kinase during mitosis

Shigeko Yamashiro, Yoshihiko Yamakita, Hiroshi Hosoya, Fumio Matsumura

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136 Scopus citations

Abstract

ONE of the profound changes in cellular morphology which occurs during mitosis is a massive alteration in the organization of the microfilament cytoskeleton1,2. This change, together with other mitotic events including nuclear membrane breakdown, chromosome condensation and formation of mitotic spindles, is induced by a molecular complex called maturation promoting factor3-5. This consists of at least two subunits, a polypeptide of relative molecular mass 45,000-62,000 (Mr 45-62K) known as cyclin, and a 34K catalytic subunit which has serine/threonine kinase activity and is known as cdc2 kinase6-9. Non-muscle caldesmon, an 83K actin- and calmodulin-binding protein, is dissociated from microfilaments during mitosis, apparently as a consequence of mitosis-specific phosphorylation10. We now report that cdc2 kinase phosphorylates caldesmon in vitro principally at the same sites as those phosphorylated in vivo during mitosis, and that phosphorylation reduces the binding affinity of caldesmon for both actin and calmodulin. Because caldesmon inhibits actomyosin ATPase, our results suggest that cdc2 kinase directly causes microfilament reorganization during mitosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-172
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume349
Issue number6305
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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