The p12 protein of murine leukemia virus (MLV) Gag is associated with the preintegration complex (PIC), and mutants of p12 (PM14) exhibit defects in nuclear entry/retention. Mutants of the phosphorylated serine 61 also have been reported to have defects in the early life cycle. Here we show that a phosphorylated peptide motif derived from human papillomavirus 8 (HPV-8), the E2 hinge region including residues 240 to 255, can functionally replace the main phosphorylated motif of MLV p12 and can rescue the viral titer of a strain with the lethal p12-PM14 mutation. Complementation with the HPV-8 E2 hinge motif generated multiple second-site mutations in live viral passage assays. Additional p12 phosphorylation sites were detected, including the late domain of p12 (PPPY) as well as the late domain/protease cleavage site of matrix (LYPAL), by mass spectrometry and Western blotting. Chromatin binding of p12-green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion protein and functional complementation of p12- PM14 occurred in a manner independent of the E2 hinge region phosphorylation. Replacement of serine 61 by alanine within the minimal tethering domain (61SPMASRLRGRR71) maintained tethering, but in the context of the full-length p12, mutants with substitutions in S61 remained untethered and lost infectivity, indicating phosphorylation of p12 serine 61 functions to temporally regulate early and late p12 functions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science