Physical Activity, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Health: A Historical Perspective

Peter Kokkinos, Jonathan Myers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


The connection between physical activity, fitness, and health has been recognized since antiquity. However, a scientific evaluation of this concept began in the middle of the twentieth century. This chapter presents a historical account of the evolution of the fitness health concept with emphasis on important events and individuals that shaped our current understanding of the impact of physical activity and fitness on human health and disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCardiorespiratory Fitness in Cardiometabolic Diseases
Subtitle of host publicationPrevention and Management in Clinical Practice
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783030048167
ISBN (Print)9783030048150
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


  • Galen
  • Health
  • Hippocrates
  • Historical account
  • Physical activity


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