Physician service to the underserved: Implications for affirmative action in medical education

Joel C. Cantor, Erika L. Miles, Laurence C. Baker, Dianne C. Barker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

Affirmative action is under increasing scrutiny. In medicine, the observation that minority physicians disproportionately serve minority patients has been one rationale for affirmative action. Using two large physician surveys, we find that minority and women physicians are much more likely to serve minority, poor, and Medicaid populations. Weaker, but significant association exists between physician and patient socioeconomic background. Service patterns are sustained over time and are generally consistent with physician career preferences. Ending affirmative action in medicine may imperil access to care. Results do not support affirmative action based on economic disadvantage instead of race, ethnicity, and sex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-180
Number of pages14
JournalInquiry
Volume33
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy

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