Piezoelectric resonators with mechanical damping and resistance in current conduction

Yook Kong Yong, Mihir S. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel design method for high Q piezoelectric resonators was presented and proposed using the 3-D equations of linear piezoelectricity with quasi-electrostatic approximation which include losses attributed to mechanical damping in solid and resistance in current conduction. There is currently no finite element sofware for estimating the Q of a resonator without apriori assumptions of the resonator impedance or damping. There is a necessity for better and more realistic modeling of resonators and filters due to miniaturization and the rapid advances in frequency ranges in telecommunication. We presented new three-dimensional finite element models of quartz and barium titanate resonators with mechanical damping and resistance in current conduction. Lee, Liu and Ballato's 3-D equations of linear piezoelectricity with quasi-electrostatic approximation which include losses attributed to mechanical damping in solid and resistance in current conduction were formulated in a weak form and implemented in COMSOL. The resulting finite element model could predict the Q and other electrical parameters for any piezoelectric resonator without apriori assumptions of damping or resistance. Forced and free vibration analyses were performed and the results for the Q and other electrical parameters were obtained. Comparisons of the Q and other electrical parameters obtained from the free vibration analysis with their corresponding values from the forced vibration analysis were found to be in excellent agreement. Hence, the frequency spectra obtained from the free vibration analysis could be used for designing high Q resonators. Results for quartz thickness shear AT-cut and SC-cut resonators and thickness stretch poled barium titanate resonators were presented. An unexpected benefit of the model was the prediction of resonator Q with energy losses via the mounting supports.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)650-672
Number of pages23
JournalScience in China, Series G: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy

Keywords

  • Electrical conductivity
  • Energy sink
  • MEMS
  • Mechanical dissipation and viscosity
  • Piezoelectric materials
  • Quality factor

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