Placenta previa in singleton and twin births in the United States, 1989 through 1998: A comparison of risk factor profiles and associated conditions

Cande V. Ananth, Kitaw Demissie, John C. Smulian, Anthony M. Vintzileos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare risk factor profiles for placenta previa between singleton and twin live births. STUDY DESIGN: This cohort study was based on United States natality data files (1989 through 1998) and comprised 37, 956, 020 singleton births and 961, 578 twin births. Women who were diagnosed with placenta previa were included only if they were delivered by cesarean delivery. Risk factors for placenta previa that were examined included sociodemographic (age, gravidity, education, marital status, and race), behavioral (prenatal care, smoking, and alcohol use), previous preterm birth, and medical and obstetric factors. Effect modification between maternal age and gravidity and the dose-response relationship with number of cigarettes smoked/day on placenta previa risk were also evaluated. RESULTS: The rate of placenta previa was 40% higher among twin births (3.9 per 1, 000 live births, n = 3, 793 births) than among singleton births (2.8 per 1, 000 live births, n = 104, 754 births). Comparison of risk factors for placenta previa between the singleton and twin births revealed fairly similar risk factor profiles. Compared with primigravid women <20 years old, the risk for placenta previa increased by advancing age and by increasing number of pregnancies among both singleton and twin births. The number of cigarettes smoked per day also showed a dose-response trend for placenta previa risk in the two groups. CONCLUSION: The increased rate of placenta previa among twin births underscores the need to monitor carefully such pregnancies with heightened suspicion and awareness for the development of this condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-281
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume188
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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