Planetary chaos and inverted climate phasing in the Late Triassic of Greenland

Malte Mau, Dennis V. Kent, Lars B. Clemmensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Sedimentological records provide the only accessible archive for unraveling Earth's orbital variations in the remote geological past. These variations modulate Earth's climate system and provide essential constraints on gravitational parameters used in solar system modeling. However, geologic documentation of midlatitude response to orbital climate forcing remains poorly resolved compared to that of the low-latitude tropics, especially before 50 Mya, the limit of reliable extrapolation from the present. Here, we compare the climate response to orbital variations in a Late Triassic midlatitude temperate setting in Jameson Land, East Greenland (∼43°N paleolatitude) and the tropical low paleolatitude setting of the Newark Basin, with independent time horizons provided by common magnetostratigraphic boundaries whose timing has been corroborated by uranium-lead (U-Pb) zircon dating in correlative strata on the Colorado Plateau. An integrated cyclostratigraphic and magnetostratigraphic age model revealed long-term climate cycles with periods of 850,000 and 1,700,000 y ascribed to the Mars-Earth grand orbital cycles. This indicates a 2:1 resonance between modulation of orbital obliquity and eccentricity variations more than 200 Mya and whose periodicities are inconsistent with astronomical solutions and indicate chaotic diffusion of the solar system. Our findings also demonstrate antiphasing in climate response between low and midlatitudes that has implications for precise global correlation of geological records.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2118696119
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number17
StatePublished - Apr 26 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


  • Fleming Fjord Group
  • Milankovitch
  • cyclostratigraphy
  • lacustrine


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