Plastic potential and yield function of porous materials with aligned and randomly oriented spheroidal voids

Y. P. Qiu, G. J. Weng

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Based on an energy approach, the plastic potential and yield function of a porous material containing either aligned or randomly oriented spheroidal voids are developed at a given porosity and pore shape. The theory is applicable to both elastically compressible and incompressible matrix and, it is proved that, in the incompressible case, the theory with spherical and aligned spheroidal voids also coincides with Ponte Castaneda's bounds of the Hashin-Shtrikman and Willis types, respectively. Comparison is also made between the present theory and those of Gurson and Tvergaard, with a result giving strong overall support of this new development. For the influence of pore shape, the yield function and therefore the stress-strain curve of the isotropic porous material are found to be stiffest when the voids are spherical, and those associated with other pore shapes all fall below these values, the weakest one being caused by the disc-shaped voids. The transversely isotropic nature of the yield function and stress-strain curves of a porous material containing aligned pores are also demonstrated as a function of porosity and pore shape, and it is further substantiated with a comparison with an exact, local analysis when the void shape becomes cylindrical.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-290
Number of pages20
JournalInternational journal of plasticity
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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