Platelet-Activating Factor Mediates Helicobacter pylori Lipopolysaccharide Interference with Gastric Mucin Synthesis

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Abstract

Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is now recognized as the most proximal mediator of cellular events triggered by bacterial infection. In this study, we report that a specific PAF antagonist, BN52020, impedes the reduction in mucin synthesis evoked in gastric mucosal cells by H. pylori LPS. The impedance by BN52020 of the LPS inhibitory effect on mucin synthesis was blocked by wortmannin, an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), which also obviated the inhibitory effect of BN52020 on the LPS-induced upregulation in apoptosis, TNF-α, and NO generation. A reduction in the impedance by BN52020 of the LPS detrimental effect on mucin synthesis was also attained with cNOS inhibitor, L-NNA, whereas NOS-2 inhibitor, 1400W caused a potentiation in the impedance effect of BN52020. However, while 1400W and BN52020 countered the potentiating effect of wortmannin on the LPS-induced decrease in mucin synthesis, a further exacerbation of the potentiating effect of wortmannin was attained in the presence of cNOS inhibitor, L-NNA. Our findings suggest that PAF, through the interference with PI3K-dependent cNOS activation, plays a critical role in influencing the extent of pathological consequences of H. pylori infection on the synthesis of gastric mucin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-46
Number of pages6
JournalIUBMB Life
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Keywords

  • Gastric mucin synthesis
  • H. pylori LPS
  • NOS-2
  • PAF
  • PI3K
  • cNOS

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