comR (pnpA) is a newly identified gene in Bacillus subtilis that is necessary for the expression of late competence genes. Transformability of a comR (pnpA) mutant is 1-5% of that seen in comR+ strains. Cloning and sequencing identified ComR as polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase). The PNPase amino acid sequence has 50% identity and 67% similarity with the Escherichia coli enzyme. Enzymatic assays show that this is the only PNPase activity in B. subtilis. comR (pnpA) is necessary for comG-lacZ and comK-lacZ expression, but this requirement is bypassed by a mecA disruption. In B. subtilis, the loss of PNPase has little effect on expression from a fusion of the srfA promoter directly to lacZ, but is necessary for normal expression from certain srfA-lacZ fusions that include portions of the normal srfA transcript. When a srfA-lacZ translational fusion is tested in isogenic pnpA+ and pnpA derivatives of E. coil, lower expression is seen in the pnpA mutant. Since expression from lacZ fusions to comA, sinR, and mecA appeared similar in the B. subtilis pnpA and pnpA+ strains, the loss of PNPase does not have a strong general effect on gene expression. These results suggest that PNPase may be necessary for modification of the srfA transcript in order to activate translation or stabilize the transcript, and that this may be necessary for competence development. This is the first evidence of post-transcriptional effects on the development of competence in B. subtilis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology