Posttraumatic stress disorder among mothers of pediatric cancer survivors: Diagnosis, comorbidity, and utility of the PTSD checklist as a screening instrument

Sharon L. Manne, Katherine Du Hamel, Kim Gallelli, Karen Sorgen, William H. Redd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

146 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in mothers of survivors of childhood cancer. Comorbidity of anxiety and depressive disorders, prevalence of subclinical PTSD, and the utility of a self-report measure as a screening instrument for PTSD were also investigated. Method: Mothers (n = 65) completed a questionnaire self-report PTSD checklist (PCL- C). Mothers were administered several modules of the SCID: nonpatient edition by telephone, including the PTSD, Generalized Anxiety, and Major Depressive Disorder modules. Results: We diagnosed 6.2% of the sample with current PTSD. An additional 20% had subclinical PTSD. One of four mothers with PTSD diagnoses had a comorbid diagnosis of an anxiety and depressive disorder. The PCL-C evidenced diagnostic utility as a screening instrument. However, a moderate number of false-positives would result if the recommended cut-off on the instrument was used. Conclusions: The PCL-C had diagnostic utility in screening mothers of childhood cancer survivors. The presence of comorbid diagnoses such as anxiety and depression should be examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-366
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Keywords

  • Childhood cancer
  • Mothers
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Survivorship

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