PP-1β and PP-2Aα modulate cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) functions in aging control and stress response through de-regulation of αB-crystallin gene and p300-p53 signaling axis

Ling Wang, Lan Zhang, Xiao Dong Gong, Jia Ling Fu, Yu Wen Gan, Min Hou, Qian Nie, Jia Wen Xiang, Yuan Xiao, Yan Wang, Shu Yu Zheng, Lan Yang, Huimin Chen, Meng Qing Xiang, Yizhi Liu, David Wan Cheng Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The function of the transcription factor, cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB), is activated through S133 phosphorylation by PKA and others. Regarding its inactivation, it is not well defined. cAMP response element-binding protein plays an essential role in promoting cell proliferation, neuronal survival and the synaptic plasticity associated with long-term memory. Our recent studies have shown that CREB is an important player in mediating stress response. Here, we have demonstrated that CREB regulates aging process through suppression of αB-crystallin and activation of the p300-p53-Bak/Bax signaling axis. First, we determined that two specific protein phosphatases, PP-1β and PP-2Aα, can inactivate CREB through S133 dephosphorylation. Subsequently, we demonstrated that cells expressing the S133A-CREB, a mutant mimicking constant dephosphorylation at S133, suppress CREB functions in aging control and stress response. Mechanistically, S133A-CREB not only significantly suppresses CREB control of αB-crystallin gene, but also represses CREB-mediated activation of p53 acetylation and downstream Bak/Bax genes. cAMP response element-binding protein suppression of αB-crystallin and its activation of p53 acetylation are major molecular events observed in human cataractous lenses of different age groups. Together, our results demonstrate that PP-1β and PP-2Aα modulate CREB functions in aging control and stress response through de-regulation of αB-crystallin gene and p300-p53-Bax/Bak signaling axis, which regulates human cataractogenesis in the aging lens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13458
JournalAging cell
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aging
  • Cell Biology

Keywords

  • aging
  • apoptosis
  • Bak
  • Bax
  • cataract
  • oxidative stress
  • P300
  • p53
  • Pcaf
  • PP-1β; PP-2Aα; CREB

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