The function of the transcription factor, cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB), is activated through S133 phosphorylation by PKA and others. Regarding its inactivation, it is not well defined. cAMP response element-binding protein plays an essential role in promoting cell proliferation, neuronal survival and the synaptic plasticity associated with long-term memory. Our recent studies have shown that CREB is an important player in mediating stress response. Here, we have demonstrated that CREB regulates aging process through suppression of αB-crystallin and activation of the p300-p53-Bak/Bax signaling axis. First, we determined that two specific protein phosphatases, PP-1β and PP-2Aα, can inactivate CREB through S133 dephosphorylation. Subsequently, we demonstrated that cells expressing the S133A-CREB, a mutant mimicking constant dephosphorylation at S133, suppress CREB functions in aging control and stress response. Mechanistically, S133A-CREB not only significantly suppresses CREB control of αB-crystallin gene, but also represses CREB-mediated activation of p53 acetylation and downstream Bak/Bax genes. cAMP response element-binding protein suppression of αB-crystallin and its activation of p53 acetylation are major molecular events observed in human cataractous lenses of different age groups. Together, our results demonstrate that PP-1β and PP-2Aα modulate CREB functions in aging control and stress response through de-regulation of αB-crystallin gene and p300-p53-Bax/Bak signaling axis, which regulates human cataractogenesis in the aging lens.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology
- oxidative stress
- PP-1β; PP-2Aα; CREB