Extracellular compounds isolated from embryogenic carrot cell suspension cultures increase, by 1.5 to 6-fold, endstage embryo production when added back to carrot cultures initiating embryogenesis. The causative factors related to the enhancement of embryo production are most likely to be extracellular, high molecular weight proteins found in the embryo-free medium (EFM) after somatic embryos have been formed. The addition of heat-treated EFM to fresh cultures did not result in enhancing effects on the production of end-stage embryos. However, the addition of compounds precipitated from EFM, by high concentrations of salt, accelerated by four days the formation of comparable amounts of end-stage embryos and surpassed total end-stage embryo levels by a factor of 4-6, dependent on the precipitate dose. These results suggest that heat-labile polypeptide molecules may be responsible for growth factor-like effects during somatic embryogenesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology