Predicted cost escalations in competitively bid highway projects

T. P. Williams, J. C. Miles, C. J. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Low bid and completed project cost data were obtained for competitively bid highway construction projects in Great Britain and the United States. A strong linear relationship exists between the natural logarithm of the low bid and the natural logarithm of the completed project cost. Linear regression models were developed to predict the natural logarithm of completed project cost using only the natural logarithm of the low bid as input. The regression equations for the British and American data were similar. The models produced good predictions with 23 of 28 British test projects and 84 of 90 American test projects predicted within 15% of the actual final cost. It was shown that the relationship between the untransformed low bid and final project cost is a multiplicative model where final project cost increases as a power of the low bid, multiplied by a constant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-199
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Transport
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Transportation


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